Plants at the Chinese Garden of Friendship
Small trees and rocks in pots are well known as Bonsai from the Japanese art.
The Chinese origins of this art are developed along some different and distinctive styles, often larger, asymmetrical and with open canopies.
The pruning and training leads to a more natural looking shape but all the time aiming to be an ideal abstract of nature.
A number of plants and their pots were gifts from Guangdong these are included in the plants on display in the Garden.
The shrub, Osmanthus Fragrans. Fujian Flower Tree is particularly sweet smelling. The tiny white flowers with an intense orange blossom fragrance are frequently located at the entrance to the courtyards and building in the Garden.
It flowers throughout the year and makes continuing presence in spite of the diminutive flowers.
This tree Pyrus Ussuriensis, is also known as the tree of good government. Pears because of their own durability are also known as a symbol of Longevity. Planted in this location near the Twin Pavilion, it is an expression of good wishes for both Guangdong and New South Wales.
This grove of black bamboo (Phyllostachys nigra) is the resting place for 7 huge but symbolic limestone boulders.
These rocks represent the seven sages who, it is said, spent time together in distant forests discussing, contemplating and laying down the principles of the Taoist philosophy.
The trees dominating this hilltop are Black Pines (Pinus Tunbergii).
The theme of dark evergreen trees covering the “mountain” scenic zone provides a perpetual backdrop and screen for the Garden and creates a foil to the city’s built form.
The pine not only evokes thoughts of traditional mount scenery but it is said also to be one of the “three friends of winter” (together with the Plum and the Bamboo).
A beautiful foliage plant when viewed close up.
The leaves are water repellent and particularly attractive when rain drops fall the leaves ring and shimmer in tiny courtyards.
The banana is a tree of good luck but it is best being discovered well within the garden.
A small ornamental tree of pomegranate is often favoured for use in Chinese garden for its sculpture form. It is said that because of the way fruit bursts open that it is a symbol of fertility.
It is equally a symbol of posterity; the fruit, flowers and roots are used in traditional remedies.
Pomegranate plants are favoured for bonsai (Penjing).